Nuclear Medicine is a radiological field that uses safe and painless techniques to image the body and treat disease. Nuclear Medicine techniques can make it possible to gather information on the function and structure of the organs that may otherwise require surgical intervention or other tests. Nuclear medicine is commonly used to measure or detect hyperthyroidism, heart function, orthopedic injuries, blood clots in the lungs, and liver, and gall bladder functions.
Nuclear Medicine uses very small doses of radioactive materials to diagnose and treat disease. These materials are attracted to specific organs, bones, or tissues, producing emissions that are then detected by a special type of camera. This camera then transforms these emissions into images that can be read and interpreted by the radiologist.
The amount of radioactive materials introduced into the the body is small and is eliminated quickly from the body. The amount of radiation is comparable to that of a traditional x-ray. If you are pregnant or think you may be, you should tell your physician before undergoing any radiological procedure.